, Volume 97, Issue 2, pp 121-140
Date: 06 Jun 2008

The biochemical basis for structural diversity in the carotenoids of chlorophototrophic bacteria

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Ongoing work has led to the identification of most of the biochemical steps in carotenoid biosynthesis in chlorophototrophic bacteria. In carotenogenesis, a relatively small number of modifications leads to a great diversity of carotenoid structures. This review examines the individual steps in the pathway, discusses how each contributes to structural diversity among carotenoids, and summarizes recent progress in elucidating the biosynthetic pathways for carotenoids in chlorophototrophs.