, Volume 95, Issue 2-3, pp 147-154
Date: 03 Oct 2007

Nomenclature for membrane-bound light-harvesting complexes of cyanobacteria

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Accessory chlorophyll-binding proteins (CBP) in cyanobacteria have six transmembrane helices and about 11 conserved His residues that might participate in chlorophyll binding. In various species of cyanobacteria, the CBP proteins bind different types of chlorophylls, including chlorophylls a, b, d and divinyl-chlorophyll a, b. The CBP proteins do not belong to the light-harvesting complexes (LHC) superfamily of plant and algae. The proposed new name of CBP for this class of proteins, which is a unique accessory light-harvesting superfamily in cyanobacteria, clarifies the confusion of names of prochlorophytes chlorophyll binding protein (Pcb), PSII-like light-harvesting proteins and iron-stress-induced protein A (IsiA). The CBP complexes are a member of a larger family that includes the chlorophyll a-binding proteins CP43 and CP47 that function as core antennas of photosystem II.