, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 55-81

A Probabilistic Approach for Nonlinear Equations Involving the Fractional Laplacian and a Singular Operator

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Abstract

We consider a class of nonlinear integro-differential equations involving a fractional power of the Laplacian and a nonlocal quadratic nonlinearity represented by a singular integral operator. Initially, we introduce cut-off versions of this equation, replacing the singular operator by its Lipschitz continuous regularizations. In both cases we show the local existence and global uniqueness in L 1L p. Then we associate with each regularized equation a stable-process-driven nonlinear diffusion; the law of this nonlinear diffusion has a density which is a global solution in L 1 of the cut-off equation. In the next step we remove the cut-off and show that the above densities converge in a certain space to a solution of the singular equation. In the general case, the result is local, but under a more stringent balance condition relating the dimension, the power of the fractional Laplacian and the degree of the singularity, it is global and gives global existence for the original singular equation. Finally, we associate with the singular equation a nonlinear singular diffusion and prove propagation of chaos to the law of this diffusion for the related cut-off interacting particle systems. Depending on the nature of the singularity in the drift term, we obtain either a strong pathwise result or a weak convergence result.

Mathematics Subject Classifications (2000)

60K35, 35S10.