, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 843-856

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Involvement in clubs or voluntary associations, social networks and activity generation: a path analysis

  • Pauline van den BergAffiliated withEindhoven University of Technology Email author 
  • , Theo ArentzeAffiliated withEindhoven University of Technology
  • , Harry TimmermansAffiliated withEindhoven University of Technology


Leisure activities have received increasing attention from travel behavior researchers over the past decade. However, these activities are often treated as a single category, neglecting their differences. Whereas most leisure activities are flexible, club activities are usually scheduled longer in advance and are more fixed in time, location and company. Hence, trip-generating properties of club activities are likely to differ from those of other leisure activities. As very little is known about involvement in clubs or voluntary associations in relation to trip generation, voluntary association activities deserve further research in relation to travel. Therefore, in this paper a path analysis is conducted, analyzing the relationships between participation in clubs or voluntary associations, trip frequencies, and social network characteristics. The analyses are based on data collected in 2011 in Eindhoven in the Netherlands in a survey among 516 respondents. The results show interesting relationships between the social context and involvement in clubs. They indicate that people become club members through their social networks, and frequent club activities increase social network size. Family oriented people were found to go less often to clubs. Club membership and the frequency of going to club activities were also found to be affected by socio-demographics, such as gender, age, education, work, presence of young children in the household and owning a season ticket for public transport.


Voluntary associations Club activities Travel Social networks Path analysis