Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 619–638

Demographic Consequences of Gender Discrimination in China: Simulation Analysis of Policy Options


DOI: 10.1007/s11113-011-9203-8

Cite this article as:
Jiang, Q., Li, S. & Feldman, M.W. Popul Res Policy Rev (2011) 30: 619. doi:10.1007/s11113-011-9203-8


The large number of missing females in China, a consequence of gender discrimination, is having and will continue to have a profound effect on the country’s population development. In this paper, we analyze the causes of this gender discrimination in terms of institutions, culture and, economy, and suggest public policies that might help eliminate gender discrimination. Using a population simulation model, we study the effect of public policies on the sex ratio at birth and excess female child mortality, and the effect of gender discrimination on China’s population development. We find that gender discrimination will decrease China’s population size, number of births, and working age population, accelerate population aging and exacerbate the male marriage squeeze. These results provide theoretical support for suggesting that the government enact and implement public policies aimed at eliminating gender discrimination.


Gender discriminationPublic policySimulationAgingMarriage market

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Population and Development Studies, School of Public Policy and AdministrationXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Morrison Institute for Population and Resource StudiesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA