Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 201–225

Gender, Social Change, and Living Arrangements Among Older Egyptians During the 1990s


    • Hubert Department of Global Health, The Rollins School of Public HealthEmory University
    • Department of SociologyEmory University
  • Zeinab Khadr
    • Social Research CenterAmerican University in Cairo
    • Cairo University

DOI: 10.1007/s11113-007-9060-7

Cite this article as:
Yount, K.M. & Khadr, Z. Popul Res Policy Rev (2008) 27: 201. doi:10.1007/s11113-007-9060-7


We compare older Egyptian women’s and men’s propensities to live with unmarried children only, any ever-married children, and alone, and we assess “kin-keeping” versus “modernization” hypotheses about the effects of social change on living arrangements during 1988–2000. Socioeconomic differences among women and men accounted for much of their crude differences in living arrangements during the period. Propensities to live with any ever-married children declined, and propensities to live alone or with unmarried children only rose. Compared to men, women continued to live more often with any ever-married children and less often with unmarried children only, and the 1988 gender gap in solitary residence disappeared by 2000. Increasing coresidential demands from unmarried dependent children, less frequent coresidential support from ever-married children, and rapidly increasing rates of solitary living especially among older men suggest emerging needs for non-coresidential instrumental support, especially among older Egyptians who are economically disadvantaged.


EgyptGenderLiving arrangementsSocial change

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008