Andrews, G. (1998). World Health Organization collaborative study on social and health aspects of aging in Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia, 1991 [computer file]. ICPSR Version. Alexandria, Egypt: WHO, EMRO [producer], 1993. Ann Arbor, MI: ICPSR [distributor].
Aykan, H., & Wolf, D. A. (2000). Traditionality, modernity, and household composition: Parent-child co-residence in contemporary Turkey. Research on Aging, 22
Aytac, I. A. (1998). Intergenerational living arrangements in Turkey. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 13
Bayat, A., & Denis, E. (2000). Who is afraid of ashwaiyyat? Urban change and politics in Egypt. Environment and Urbanization, 12(2), 185–199.
Cameron, L. (2000). The residency decision of elderly Indonesians: A nested logit analysis. Demography, 37
Casterline, J. B., Williams, L., Hermalin, A., Chang, M. C., Chayovan, N., Cheung, P., Domingo, L., Knodel, J., & Ofstedal, M. B. (1991). Differences in the living arrangements of the elderly in four Asian countries: The interplay of constraints and preferences. Comparative study of the elderly in Asia 91–10. Population Studies Center, University of Michigan.
Charrad, M. M. (2001). States and women’s rights: The making of postcolonial Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
Chattopadhyay, A., & Marsh, R. (1999). Changes in living arrangement and familial support for the elderly in Taiwan: 1963–1991. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 30(3), 523–537.
Crimmins, E., & Ingegneri, D. (1990). Interactions and living arrangements of older parents and their children. Research on Aging, 12
DaVanzo, J., & Chan, A. (1994). Living arrangements of older Malaysians: Who co-resides with their adult children? Demography, 31
Domingo, L. J., & Casterline, J. B. (1992). Living arrangements of the Filipino elderly. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 7(3), 63–88.
Eldemire, D. (1997). The Jamaican elderly: A socio-economic perspective and policy implications. Social and Economic Studies, 46(1), 75–93.
El-Laithy, H., Lokshin, M., & Banerji, A. (2003). Poverty and economic growth in Egypt, 1995–2000. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper #3068. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Elman, C., & Uhlenberg, P. (1995). Co-residence in the early twentieth century: Elderly women in the United States and their children. Population Studies, 49
El-Zanaty, F., Hussein, E. M., Shawky, G. A., Way, A. A., & Kishor, S. (1996). Egypt demographic and health survey 1995. Calverton MD: Macro International, Inc.
El-Zanaty, F., Sayed, H. A. A., Zaky, H. H. M., & Way, A. A. (1993). Egypt demographic and health survey 1992. Calverton MD: Macro International, Inc.
El-Zanaty, F., & Way, A. A. (2001). Egypt demographic and health survey 2000. Calverton MD: Ministry of Health and Population in Egypt, National Population Council & ORC Macro.
Filmer, D., & Pritchett, L. (1999). The effect of household wealth on educational attainment: Evidence from 35 countries. Population and Development Review, 85
Glick, P. C. (1947). The family cycle. American Sociological Review, 12
Glick, P. C. (1988). Fifty years of family demography: A record of social change. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50
Goldscheider, F. K., & DaVanzo, J. (1989). Pathways to independent living in early adulthood: Marriage, semiautonomy, and premarital residential independence. Demography, 26
Goldscheider, F., Goldscheider, C., St. Clair, P., & Hodges, J. (1999). Changes in returning home in the United States, 1925–1985. Social Forces, 78
Goldscheider, F. K., & Lawton, L. (1998). Family experiences and erosion of support for intergenerational co-residence. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60
Grau, M. A. G. (2002). Residence patterns of aged widows in three Mediterranean communities and the organization of care. History of the Family, 7
Grundy, E. (1999). Intergenerational perspectives on family and household change in mid and later life in England and Wales. In S. McRae (Ed.), Changing Britain: Population and household change in the 1990s (pp. 201–228). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Hagestad, G. O. (1986). The family: Women and grandparents as kinkeepers. In A. Piper & L. Bronte (Eds.), Our aging society: Paradox and promise (pp. 141–160). New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc.
Hancioglu, A. (1985). Turkiye’de aile bicimleri ve aile buyuklugo [Family types and household size in Turkey in 1978]. Unpublished master’s thesis, Hacettepe Institute of Population Studies, Ministry of Health, and Macro International Inc.
Handoussa, H., et al. (2004). Egypt human development report 2004: Choosing centralization for good governance. Project document EGY/01/006 of the Institute of National Planning and the United Nations Development Program. Kalyoub, Egypt: Commercial Press.
Hermalin, A. I. (2002). The well-being of the elderly in Asia, a four-country comparative study. Ann Arbor MI: The University of Michigan Press.
Hirschman, C., & Huu Minh, N. (2002). Tradition and change in Vietnamese family structure in the Red River Delta. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64
Hoodfar, H. (1997). Between marriage and the market: Intimate politics and survival in Cairo. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
Iacovou, M. (2002). Sharing and caring: Older European’s living arrangements. Schmollers Jahrbuch, 122, 111–142.
Kabeer, N. (1999). Resources, agency, achievements: Reflections on the measurement of women’s empowerment. Development and Change, 30
Kamo, Y., & Zhou, M. (1994). Living arrangements of elderly Chinese and Japanese in the United States. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56
Kandiyoti, D. (1988). Bargaining with patriarchy. Gender and Society, 2
Khadr, Z. A. (1997). Living arrangements and social supports systems of the older population in Egypt. Ann Arbor MI: University of Michigan.
Kim, I. K., & Choe, E. H. (1992). Support exchange patterns of the elderly in the Republic of Korea. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 7(3), 89–104.
Kinsella, K., & Velkoff, V. (2001). An aging world: 2001. U.S. Census Bureau P95/01-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Knodel, J., Chayovan, N., Mithranon, P., Amornsirisomboon, P., & Arunraksombat, S. (2005). Thailand’s older population: Social and economic support as assessed in 2002. PSC Research Report No. 05-471, January. Ann Arbor MI: Population Studies Center, University of Michigan.
Knodel, J., Chayovan, N., & Siriboon, S. (1992). The impact of fertility decline on familial support for the elderly: An illustration from Thailand. Population and Development Review, 18
Knodel, J., & Ofstedal, M. B. (2003). Gender and aging in the developing world: Where are the men? Population and Development Review, 29
Kritz, M. M., Gurak, D. T., & Chen, L. (2000). Elderly immigrants: Their composition and living arrangements. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 27(1), 85–114.
Lee, G. R., & Dwyer, J. W. (1996). Aging parent-adult child coresidence. Journal of Family Issues, 17
Lee, Y.-J., Parish, W. L., & Willis, R. J. (1994). Sons, daughters, and intergenerational support in Taiwan. American Journal of Sociology, 99
Levy, M. (1949). The family revolution in modern China. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Liang, J., Gu, S., & Krause, N. (1992). Social support among the aged in Wuhan, China. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 7(3), 33–62.
Logan, J. R., & Bian, F. (1999). Family values and co-residence with married children in urban China. Social Forces, 77
Logan, J. R., Bian, F., & Bian, Y. (1998). Tradition and change in the urban Chinese family: The case of living arrangements. Social Forces, 76
Lye, D. N. (1996). Adult child-parent relationships. Annual Review of Sociology, 22
Margolis, S. A., & Reed, R. L. (2001). Institutionalizing older adults in a health district in the United Arab Emirates: Health status and utilization rate. Gerontology, 47
Martin, L. G. (1989a). Living arrangements of the elderly in Fiji, Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Demography, 26
Martin, L. G. (1989b). The greying of Japan. Population Bulletin, 44
Martin, L. G., & Tsuya, N. O. (1991). Interactions of middle-aged Japanese with their parents. Population Studies, 45
Mason, K. O. (1992). Family change and support of the elderly in Asia: What do we know? The problem of care for the elderly is likely to be especially acute for women. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 7, 13–32.
Mernissi, F. (1987). Beyond the veil. Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press.
Michael, R. T., Fuchs, V. R., & Scott, S. R. (1980). Changes in the propensity to live alone, 1950–1976. Demography, 17
Morgan, S. P., & Hirosima, K. (1983). The persistence of extended family residence in Japan: Anachronism or alternative strategy. American Sociological Review, 48
Morsy, S. A. (1978). Sex roles, power, and illness in an Egyptian village. American Ethnologist, 5
Nawar, L., Lloyd, C. B., & Ibrahim, B. (1995). Women’s autonomy and gender roles in Egyptian families. In C. M. Obermeyer (Ed.), Family, gender, and population in the Middle East: Policies in context (pp. 147–178). Cairo, Egypt: The American University in Cairo Press.
Ogawa, N., & Retherford, R. D. (1997). Shifting costs for caring for the elderly back to families in Japan: Will it work? Population and Development Review, 23
Omran, A. R., & Roudi, F. (1993). The Middle East population puzzle. Population Bulletin, 48(1), 1–39.
ORC Macro (2003). Measure DHS+Stat compiler. Retrieved September 16–17, 2003, from http://www.measuredhs.com
Rao, J. N. K., & Scott, A. J. (1981). The analysis of categorical data from complex sample surveys: Chi-squared tests for goodness of fit and independence in two-way tables. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 76
Rao, J. N. K., & Scott, A. J. (1984). On chi-squared tests for multiway contingency tables with cell proportions estimated from survey data. Annals of Statistics, 12
Rogers, W. H. (1993). Regression standard errors in clustered samples. Stata Technical Bulletin, 13, 19–23. Reprinted in Stata Technical Bulletin Reprints, 3, 88–94.
Rossi, A. S., & Rossi., P. H. (1990). Of human bonding: Parent-child relations across the life course. Hawthorne NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Ruggles, A. S. (1994). The transformation of American family structure. American Historical Review, 99
Rugh, A. B. (1981). Orphanages and homes for the aged in Egypt: Contradiction or affirmation in a family oriented society. International Journal of Sociology of the Family, 11(2), 203–233.
Rugh, A. B. (1984). Family in contemporary Egypt. Syracuse NY: Syracuse University Press.
Sayed, H. A. A., Osman, M. I., El-Zanaty, F., & Way, A. A. (1989). Egypt demographic and health survey 1988. Columbia MD: Institute for Resources Development/Macro Systems, Inc.
Schoeni, R. F. (1998). Reassessing the decline in parent-child old-age co-residence during the twentieth century. Demography, 35
Shah, N. M., Yount, K. M., Shah, M. A, & Menon, I. (2002). Living arrangements of older adults in Kuwait. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 17
Singerman, D. (2005). Rewriting divorce in Egypt: Reclaiming Islam, legal activism, and coalition politics. In R. Hefner (Ed.), Remaking muslim politics: Pluralism, contestation, democratization (pp. 161–188). Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Singerman, D., & Ibrahim, B. (2001). The cost of marriage in Egypt: A hidden dimension in the new Arab family. Cairo Papers in Social Science, 24, 80–116.
Sinunu, M., Yount, K. M., & El-Afify, N. A. W. (2004). Formal and informal care of frail older adults in Cairo. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston MA, April 1–3.
Spitze, G., & Logan, J. R. (1989). Gender differences in family support: Is there a payoff? Gerontologist, 29, 108–113.
Stevenson, T. B. (1997). Migration, family, and household in highland Yemen: The impact of socio-economic and political change and cultural ideals on domestic organization. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 28(2), 14–53.
Szinovacz, M. (2000). Changes in housework after retirement: A panel analysis. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62
Thornton, A. (2001). Developmental idealism, reading history sideways, and family change. Demography, 38
Thornton, A., & Fricke, T. E. (1987). Social change and the family: Comparative perspectives from the West, China, and South Asia. Sociological Forum, 2
Treas, J., & Chen, J. (2000). Living arrangements, income pooling, and the life course in urban Chinese families. Research on Aging, 22
United Nations (2002). World population prospects: The 2000 revision volume III analytical report. New York: United Nations.
United States Census Bureau, International Database [USCB, IDB] (2004). Retrieved November 22, 2004, from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbnew.html
United Nations Development Programme [UNDP] (2002). Arab human development report. New York: United Nations Publications.
Weinstein M., Sun, T. H., Chang, M. C., & Freedman, R. (1990). Household composition, extended kinship, and reproduction in Taiwan: 1965–1985. Population Studies, 44
Westoff, C. (2003). Trends in marriage and early childbearing in developing countries. DHS Comparative Reports 5. Calverton MD: ORC Macro.
Williams, R. L. (2000). A note on robust variance estimation for cluster-correlated data. Biometrics, 56
Wilmoth, J. M. (2001). Living arrangements among older immigrants in the United States. The Gerontologist,
Wolf, M. (1972). Women and the family in rural Taiwan. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
Won, Y.-H., & Lee, G. R. (1999). Living arrangements of older parents in Korea. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 30(2), 315–328.
Yang, C. (1999). Living arrangement of the elderly in Taiwan. Journal of Population Studies, 20, 167–183.
Yount, K. M. (1999). Persistent inequalities: Women’s status and differentials in the treatment of sick boys and girls. Case study of Minia, Egypt. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Yount, K. M. (2005). The patriarchal bargain and intergenerational co-residence in Egypt. The Sociological Quarterly, 46
Yount, K. M., & Agree, E. M. (2004). The power of older women and men in Egyptian and Tunisian families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66
Yount, K. M., & Agree, E. M. (2005). Differences in disability among older women and men in Egypt and Tunisia. Demography, 42
Zimmer, Z., & Kim, S. K. (2001). Living arrangements and socio-demographic conditions of older adults in Cambodia. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 16
Zimmer, Z., & Kwong, J. (2003). Family size and support of older adults in urban and rural China. Demography, 40