Review

Population and Environment

, 29:219

First online:

Using innovation to address HIV, AIDS, and environment links: intervention case studies from Zimbabwe, Uganda, and Malawi

  • Roger-Mark De SouzaAffiliated withSierra Club Email author 
  • , Geoff HeinrichAffiliated withCatholic Relief Services
  • , Shannon SenefeldAffiliated withCatholic Relief Services
  • , Katharine CoonAffiliated withInternational Center for Research on Women
  • , Peter SebanjaAffiliated withThe AIDS Support Organization of Uganda
  • , Jessica OgdenAffiliated withInternational Center for Research on Women
  • , Daulos MauambetaAffiliated withWildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi
  • , Nancy GelmanAffiliated withAfrica Biodiversity Collaborative Group
  • , Judy OglethorpeAffiliated withWorld Wildlife Fund-US

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Abstract

This article presents three cross-cutting intervention case studies that address HIV, AIDS, and natural resources management in an integrated manner through innovative programming in Zimbabwe, Uganda, and Malawi. In Zimbabwe, a religious-based non-governmental group and two community organizations work together to build skills of HIV- and AIDS-vulnerable children in rural areas to meet dietary and income needs, while using natural resources sustainably. In Uganda, various government agencies and NGO actors work together to improve the food security of HIV-affected households at the national, district, sub-district, and village levels. Finally, in Malawi, a conservation organization incorporates HIV and AIDS awareness and programming into its operations and projects. Each case study presents pioneering approaches to simultaneously addressing the pressures on conservation initiatives, food security/agricultural production, income generation/livelihoods, and social and health care systems. They also provide lessons for expanding interventions and partnerships.

Keywords

AIDS Africa Biodiversity Conservation Food security Gender Health HIV Integrated project Integrated development Land tenure Livelihood Malawi Uganda Zimbabwe