Plant and Soil

, Volume 337, Issue 1, pp 179–191

Effects of climate change scenarios on Tempranillo grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) ripening: response to a combination of elevated CO2 and temperature, and moderate drought

  • Carolina Salazar Parra
  • Jone Aguirreolea
  • Manuel Sánchez-Díaz
  • Juan José Irigoyen
  • Fermín Morales
Regular Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11104-010-0514-z

Cite this article as:
Salazar Parra, C., Aguirreolea, J., Sánchez-Díaz, M. et al. Plant Soil (2010) 337: 179. doi:10.1007/s11104-010-0514-z


Greenhouse experiments were conducted to investigate the impact of predicted climate change (elevated CO2, 700 μmol CO2 mol−1 air vs. ambient; elevated temperature, 28/18°C vs. 24/14°C, day/night; and partial irrigation, 40% of field capacity vs. well-irrigated) on grape berry quality characteristics during ripening. Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo) fruiting cuttings were used as experimental plant material. Climate change shortened the time between grape veraison and full maturity. At harvest time, many of the grape quality parameters determined were affected by the different grape maturity. The data were re-grouped according to total soluble solids to factor out changes due to the shortened time to maturity, and the effects on grape quality were then re-examined. Under current CO2 and temperature conditions, partial irrigation decreased berry malic acid concentration and facilitated anthocyanins extractability. Elevated CO2 and temperature decreased berry malic acid and total anthocyanins potential in well-irrigated plants and increased tonality index, irrespective of water availability. In partial irrigation conditions, elevated CO2 and temperature hindered the anthocyanins extractability. In summary, results indicate that climate change (elevated CO2, high temperature and partial irrigation) affects phenology and berry quality.


AnthocyaninsClimate changeElevated CO2 and temperatureGrape qualityMalic acidPartial irrigationSoluble solidsTonality indexVitis vinifera





Cellular extractability


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


Phenolic maturity of the grapes


Relative humidity


Ambient CO2, ambient temperature and well irrigation


Ambient CO2, ambient temperature and partial irrigation

700 T+4_WI

Elevated CO2, elevated temperature and well irrigation

700 T+4_PI

Elevated CO2, elevated temperature and partial irrigation


Vapor pressure deficit

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Salazar Parra
    • 1
  • Jone Aguirreolea
    • 1
  • Manuel Sánchez-Díaz
    • 1
  • Juan José Irigoyen
    • 1
  • Fermín Morales
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Vegetal, Sección Biología Vegetal (Unidad Asociada al CSIC, EEAD, Zaragoza e ICVV, Logroño), Facultades de Ciencias y FarmaciaUniversidad de NavarraPamplonaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Nutrición VegetalEstación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD), CSICZaragozaSpain