, Volume 320, Issue 1-2, pp 91-102
Date: 20 Jan 2009

Genotypic differences in phosphorus acquisition and the rhizosphere properties of Brassica napus in response to low phosphorus stress

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Abstract

Genotypic differences in acquiring immobile P exist among species or cultivars within one species. We investigated the P-efficiency mechanisms of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in low P soil by measuring plant growth, P acquisition and rhizosphere properties. Two genotypes with different P efficiencies were grown in a root-compartment experiment under low P (P15: 15 mg P kg−1) and high P (P100: 100 mg P kg−1) treatments. The P-efficient genotype produced more biomass, and had a high seed yield and high P acquisition efficiency under low P treatment. Under both P treatments, both genotypes decreased inorganic P (Pi) and organic P (Po) fractions in the rhizosphere soil. However there was no decrease in NaHCO3-Po at P100. For the P15 treatment, the concentrations of NaHCO3-Po and NaOH-Po were negatively correlated with soil acid phosphatase activity. The P-efficient genotype 102 differed from the P-inefficient genotype 105 in the following ways. In the rhizosphere the soil pH was lower, acid phosphatase activity was higher, and depletion of P was greater. Further the depletion zones were wider. These results suggested that improving P efficiency based on the character of P efficiency acquisition in P-efficient genotype would be a potential approach for maintaining rapeseed yield potential in soils with low P bioavailability.

Responsible Editor: N. Jim Barrow.