Plant and Soil

, Volume 276, Issue 1, pp 69–84

Reduction of Cadmium Availability to Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Plants using Soil Amendments in Low Cadmium-contaminated Agricultural Soils: A Pot Experiment


    • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneENAC – ISTE – Laboratory of Soil Science
    • CEREGEUniversité Aix-Marseille III
  • Monica Marchetti
    • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneENAC – ISTE – Laboratory of Soil Science
  • Luca Rossi
    • Philip Morris Products SAPhilip Morris International R&D
    • RD&E DepartmentPhilip Morris USA
  • Nicolas Lugon-Moulin
    • Philip Morris Products SAPhilip Morris International R&D

DOI: 10.1007/s11104-005-3101-y

Cite this article as:
Keller, C., Marchetti, M., Rossi, L. et al. Plant Soil (2005) 276: 69. doi:10.1007/s11104-005-3101-y


Cadmium (Cd) concentration in field-grown tobacco leaves usually ranges from < 0.5 to 5 mg Cd kg–1 dry matter (DM). Reducing bioavailability of soil Cd by adding amendments to the soil could be suitable to mitigate Cd uptake by tobacco plants. However, little is known on the effect of inorganic amendments on agricultural soils with low Cd concentrations. Therefore, we performed a pot experiment with tobacco plants that were grown during 56 days in two neutral to alkaline agricultural soils with low total Cd concentrations (soil 1 = 0.4, soil 2 = 0.7 mg kg–1). Both soils were amended or not with 1 or 5% of sepiolite, zeolite, hydroxyapatite and apatite II™. Major and trace elements were measured in mid-stalk position leaves. Soil metals were measured in a DTPA soil extraction to assess the effect of the amendments on metal bioavailability. Some amendments significantly reduced Cd concentration in tobacco leaves, but the effect differed between the two soils tested. In soil 1, the use of zeolite at the 1% dose was the most efficient, reducing the average Cd concentration from 0.6 to 0.4 mg kg–1. In soil 2, the 5% hydroxyapatite treatment led to the maximal reduction in Cd concentration (50%), with an average final Cd concentration in leaves of 0.7 mg kg–1 (control: 1.5 mg kg–1). There was a dose effect for some amendments in soil 2 (containing more Cd), suggesting a reduced efficiency of the amendment at the lowest addition rate. DTPA extractable Cd and Zn measured at the end of the pot experiment were correlated to the metal concentrations in tobacco leaves suggesting that (1) the reduction in leaf Cd concentration was due to a reduction in metal availability to tobacco and (2) DTPA may be a suitable extractant to estimate Cd availability to tobacco plants in these two soils. In addition, a batch experiment was performed with the same soils to test a larger number of amendments, including the four tested in the pot experiment. Results were compared to those of the pot experiment to assess whether a batch experiment may predict the efficiency of an amendment on a given soil. It gave results compatible with those from the pot experiment except for the sepiolite and highlighted the broad range of potential amendments available for heavy metal remediation in crop plants.


additivescadmiumimmobilisationmetal availabilityplant uptake

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© Springer 2005