Article

Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 235-242

Anthocyanins in Catharanthus roseus in vivo and in vitro: a review

  • Anna PiovanAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, University of Padua
  • , Raffaella FilippiniAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, University of Padua Email author 

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Abstract

The production of anthocyanin in Catharanthus roseus flowers from both field-grown and regenerated by somatic embryogenesis plants and cell cultures was described. The anthocyanins were identified as the 3-O-glucosides, and the 3-O-(6-O-p-coumaroyl) glucosides of hirsutidin, malvidin and petunidin, respectively both in vivo and in vitro. The influence of environmental conditions on in vitro anthocyanin accumulation is described. The relationship between in vivo and in vitro anthocyanin production is discussed.

Keywords

Anthocyanins Catharanthus roseus Flavonol O-methyltransferase Plant cell cultures Somatic embryogenesis