, Volume 165, Issue 2, pp 509-526
Date: 06 Jun 2012

Presupposition and the a priori

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Abstract

This paper argues for and explores the implications of the following epistemological principle for knowability a priori (with ‘ \(\mathcal{K}_\mathcal{A}\) ’ abbreviating ‘it is knowable a priori that’).

  • (AK) For all ϕ, ψ such that ϕ semantically presupposes ψ: if \(\mathcal{K}_\mathcal{A}\phi, \,\mathcal{K}_\mathcal{A}\psi .\)

  • Well-known arguments for the contingent a priori and a priori knowledge of logical truth founder when the semantic presuppositions of the putative items of knowledge are made explicit. Likewise, certain kinds of analytic truth turn out to carry semantic presuppositions that make them ineligible as items of a priori knowledge. On a happier note, I argue that (AK) offers an appealing, theory-neutral explanation of the a posteriori character of certain necessary identities, as well as an interesting rationalization for a commonplace linguistic maneuver in philosophical work on the a priori.