Straight talk: conceptions of sincerity in speech
- John Eriksson
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
What is it for a speech act to be sincere? The most common answer amongst philosophers is that a speech act is sincere if and only if the speaker is in the state of mind that the speech act functions to express. However, a number of philosophers have advanced counterexamples purporting to demonstrate that having the expressed state of mind is neither necessary nor sufficient for speaking sincerely. One may nevertheless doubt whether these considerations refute the orthodox conception. Instead, it may be argued, they expose other ways of elucidating sincerity in speech. “Sincerity in speech” is ambivalent between a number of different conceptions. Against this background this paper presents two alternative conceptions, viz., Sincerity as Spontaneity and Sincerity as Presenting Oneself as one takes Oneself to be and develops a third conception which we may call Sincerity as a Communicative Virtue. This conception emphasizes the speaker’s intention in communicating her attitudes and the need to be properly justified in saying what one does.
- Austin, J. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Bach, K., & Harnish, R. M. (1979). Linguistic communication and speech acts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Bok, S. (1978). Lying: Moral choice in public and private life. New York: Pantheon.
- Breheny, R. (2006). Communication and folk psychology. Mind and Language, 21(1), 74–107. CrossRef
- Davis, W. (2003). Meaning, expression and thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Davis, W. (2005). Nondescriptive meaning and reference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Davis, W. (2008). Replies to Green, Szabó, Jeshion, and Siebel. Philosophical Studies, 137, 427–445. CrossRef
- Ekman, P. (2009). Lie catching and microexpressions. In C. Martin (Ed.), The philosophy of deception. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Eriksson, J. (Forthcoming), Self-expression, expressiveness and sincerity. Acta Analytica.
- Frankfurt, H. (2005). On bullshit. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Green, M. (2007a). Self-expression. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
- Green, M. (2007b). How do speech acts express psychological states? In S. L. Tsohatzidis (Ed.), John Searle’s philosophy of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Hare, R. (1952). The language of morals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Joyce, R. (2002). Expressivism and motivational internalism. Analysis, 62, 336–344. CrossRef
- Mellor, D. H. (1978). Conscious belief. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 78, 87–101.
- Millikan, R. (2004). The varieties of meaning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Moran, R. (2005). Problems with sincerity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 105, 325–345. CrossRef
- Owens, D. (2006). Testimony and assertion. Philosophical Studies, 130, 105–129. CrossRef
- Ridge, M. (2006). Sincerity and expressivism. Philosophical Studies, 131, 487–510. CrossRef
- Searle, J. (1969). Speech acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Strawson, P. (1964). Intention and convention in speech acts. The Philosophical Review, 73(4), 439–460. CrossRef
- Trilling, L. (1972). Sincerity and authenticity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Williams, B. (2002). Truth and truthfulness. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Williamson, T. (2002). Knowledge and its limits. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
- Wright, C. (1992). Truth and objectivity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Straight talk: conceptions of sincerity in speech
Volume 153, Issue 2 , pp 213-234
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Speech acts
- Notion of expression
- John Eriksson (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg, Box 200, 405-30, Gothenburg, Sweden