Philosophical Studies

, Volume 141, Issue 3, pp 281–297

Emergent substance


DOI: 10.1007/s11098-007-9160-6

Cite this article as:
Toner, P. Philos Stud (2008) 141: 281. doi:10.1007/s11098-007-9160-6


In this paper, I develop an ontological position according to which substances such as you and I have no substantial parts. The claim is not that we are immaterial souls. Nor is the claim that we are “human atoms” co-located with human organisms. It is, rather, that we are macrophysical objects that are, in the relevant sense, simple. I contend that despite initial appearances, this claim is not obviously false, and I defend it by showing how much work it can do.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyWake Forest UniversityWinston SalemUSA

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