The indexicality of ‘knowledge’
- Michael Blome-Tillmann
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Epistemic contextualism—the view that the content of the predicate ‘know’ can change with the context of utterance—has fallen into considerable disrepute recently. Many theorists have raised doubts as to whether ‘know’ is context-sensitive, typically basing their arguments on data suggesting that ‘know’ behaves semantically and syntactically in a way quite different from recognised indexicals such as ‘I’ and ‘here’ or ‘flat’ and ‘empty’. This paper takes a closer look at three pertinent objections of this kind, viz. at what I call the Error-Theory Objection, the Gradability Objection and the Clarification-Technique Objection. The paper concludes that none of these objections can provide decisive evidence against contextualism.
- Bach, K. (2005). The emperor’s new ‘knows’. In G. Preyer, & G. Peter (Eds.), Contextualism in philosophy: On epistemology, language and truth (pp. 51–89). Oxford: OUP.
- Cappelen, H., & Lepore, E. (2005). Insensitive semantics. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Cohen, S. (1988). How to be a fallibilist. Philosophical Perspectives, 2, 91–123. CrossRef
- Cohen, S. (1999). Contextualism, skepticism, and the structure of reasons. Philosophical Perspectives, 13, 57–89.
- Cohen, S. (2004). Contextualism and unhappy-face solutions: Reply to Schiffer. Philosophical Studies, 119, 185–197. CrossRef
- Cohen, S. (2005). Knowledge, speaker and subject. The Philosophical Quarterly, 55, 199–212. CrossRef
- Davis, W. A. (2004). Are knowledge claims indexical? Erkenntnis, 61, 257–281. CrossRef
- DeRose, K. (1992). Contextualism and knowledge attributions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 52, 913–929. CrossRef
- DeRose, K. (1995). Solving the skeptical problem. The Philosophical Review, 104, 1–52. CrossRef
- Feldman, R. (1999). Contextualism and skepticism. Philosophical Perspectives, 13, 91–114.
- Halliday, D. (forthcoming). Contextualism, comparatives and gradability. Philosophical Studies
- Hawthorne J. (2004). Knowledge and lotteries. Oxford: OUP.
- Kamp, H. (1975). Two theories of adjectives. In E. Keenan (Ed.), Formal semantics of natural language (pp. 123–155). Cambridge: CUP.
- Kaplan, D. (1989). Demonstratives. In J. Almog, J. Perry, & H. Wettstein (Eds.), Themes from Kaplan (pp. 481–563). Oxford/New York: OUP.
- Kennedy, C. (1999). Projecting the adjective: The syntax and semantics of gradability and comparison. New York: Garland.
- Kompa, N. (2002). The context sensitivity of knowledge ascriptions. Grazer Philosophische Studien, 64, 1–18.
- Lewis, D. (1996). Elusive knowledge. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 74, 649–567.
- Ludlow, P. (2005). Contextualism and the new linguistic turn in epistemology. In G. Preyer, & G. Peter (Eds.), Contextualism in philosophy – knowledge, meaning and truth (pp. 11–50). Oxford: OUP.
- MacFarlane, J. (2005). The assessment sensitivity of knowledge attributions. In T. Gendler, & J. Hawthorne (Eds.), Oxford studies in epistemology (pp. 197–233). Oxford: OUP.
- Pritchard, D. (2002). Recent work on radical skepticism. American Philosophical Quarterly, 39, 215–257.
- Richard, M. (2004). Contextualism and relativism. Philosophical Studies, 119, 215–242. CrossRef
- Schaffer, J. (forthcoming). Skepticism, Contextualism, and Discrimination. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
- Schiffer S. (1996). Contextualist solutions to scepticism. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 96, 317–333.
- Stanley, J. (2004). On the linguistic basis for contextualism. Philosophical Studies, 119, 119–146. CrossRef
- Stanley, J. (2005). Knowledge and practical interests. Oxford: OUP.
- Unger, P. (1975). Ignorance: A case for scepticism. Oxford: Clarendon.
- Williamson, T. (2000). Knowledge and its limits. Oxford: OUP.
- Williamson, T. (2001). Comments on Michael Williams’ contextualism, externalism and epistemic standards. Philosophical Studies, 103, 25–33. CrossRef
- Williamson, T. (2005a). Contextualism, subject-sensitive invariantism, and knowledge of knowledge. The Philosophical Quarterly, 55, 213–235. CrossRef
- Williamson, T. (2005b). Knowledge, context and the agent’s point of view. In G. Preyer, & G. Peter (Eds.), Contextualism in philosophy: On epistemology, language and truth (pp. 91–114). Oxford: OUP.
- Yourgrau, P. (1983). Knowledge and relevant alternatives. Synthese, 55, 175–90. CrossRef
- The indexicality of ‘knowledge’
Volume 138, Issue 1 , pp 29-53
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Epistemic contextualism
- Gradable adjectives
- Author Affiliations
- 1. University College, Oxford, OX1 4BH, UK