Philosophical Studies

, Volume 130, Issue 3, pp 499–534

Talking About a Universalist World

Authors

  • David Braddon-Mitchell
    • David Braddon-Mitchell
    • Kristie Miller
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11098-004-5752-6

Cite this article as:
Braddon-Mitchell, D. & Miller, K. Philos Stud (2006) 130: 499. doi:10.1007/s11098-004-5752-6

Abstract

The paper defends a combination of perdurantism with mereological universalism by developing semantics of temporary predications of the sort ’some P is/was/will be (a) Q’. We argue that, in addition to the usual application of causal and other restrictions on sortals, the grammatical form of such statements allows for rather different regimentations along three separate dimensions, according to: (a) whether ‘P’ and ‘Q’ are being used as phase or substance sortal terms, (b) whether ‘is’, ‘was’, and ‘will be’ are the ‘is’, ‘was’, ‘will be’ of identity or of constitution, and (c) whether ‘Q’ is being used as a subject or predicate term. We conclude that this latitude is beneficial, as it conforms with linguistic reality (i.e., the multiple uses actually in place) and also enables one to turn what is ordinarily perceived as a problem for universalist perdurantism viz., a commitment to all sorts of weird and gerrymandered temporally extended entities, into an advantage, for the richness in questions allows us to make sense of the many different readings of sentences of the same grammatical form.

Keywords

four-dimensionalismgerrymandered objectspast tense statementsperdurantismpersistencesemanticsuniversalism

Copyright information

© Springer 2006