, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 726-729
Date: 22 Jul 2011

A rare case of Visceral leishmaniasis with multiple relapse and multi-drug unresponsive: successfully treated with combination therapy

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Case We report a 32-year old relapse case of Visceral leishmaniasis, treated with Paromomycin who belonged from a endemic zone of Bihar state, India. After confirmation, he was treated with Amphotericin B, followed by Liposomal Amphotericin B in full course and even in higher dose. But after each therapy, the patient either did not responded or relapsed after treatment. Ultimately, the patient was successfully treated with combination therapy of Liposomal amphotericin B and Miltefosine without any relapse. Conclusion The multi-drug unresponsive Visceral leishmaniasis cases could pose a major threat to treatment strategy in the elimination program. In such situation, combination therapy seems to be a better approach that needs to be explored.