, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 1033-1039
Date: 28 Dec 2011

Protected Graft Copolymer (PGC) Basal Formulation of Insulin as Potentially Safer Alternative to Lantus® (Insulin-Glargine): A Streptozotocin-Induced, Diabetic Sprague Dawley Rats Study

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access



To develop a long-acting formulation of native human insulin with a similar pharmacodynamics (PD) profile as the insulin analogue insulin glargine (Lantus®, Sanofi-Aventis) with the expectation of retaining native human insulin’s superior safety profile as insulin glargine is able to activate the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor and is linked to a number of malignancies at a higher rate than regular human insulin.


Development of protected graft copolymer (PGC) excipients that bind native human insulin non-covalently and testing blood glucose control obtained with these formulations in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Sprague Dawley rats compared to equally dosed insulin glargine.


PGC-formulations of native human insulin are able to control blood glucose to the same extent and for the same amount of time after s.c. injection as the insulin analogue insulin glargine. No biochemical changes were made to the insulin that would change receptor binding and activation with their possible negative effects on the safety of the insulin.


Formulation with the PGC excipient offers a viable alternative to biochemically changing insulin or other receptor binding peptides to improve PD properties.


Blood glucose development in STZ-diabetic Sprague Dawley rats after s.c. injection of 1 mg/kg regular human insulin formulated with formulations 605c, 421a, and 421b, or an equivalent dose of insulin glargine.