Pharmaceutical Research

, 28:2848

Expression of GFP in the Mitochondrial Compartment Using DQAsome-Mediated Delivery of an Artificial Mini-mitochondrial Genome

Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11095-011-0544-0

Cite this article as:
Lyrawati, D., Trounson, A. & Cram, D. Pharm Res (2011) 28: 2848. doi:10.1007/s11095-011-0544-0



We describe a novel strategy for expression of GFP in mammalian mitochondria.


The key components of the strategy were an artificially created mitochondrial genome pmtGFP and a DQAsome transfection system.


Using immunofluorescence and a combination of immunohistochemical and molecular based techniques, we show that DQAsomes are capable of delivering the pmtGFP construct to the mitochondrial compartment of the mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7, albeit at low efficiency (1–5%), resulting in the expression of GFP mRNA and protein. Similar transfection efficiencies were also demonstrated in a range of other mammalian cell lines.


The DQAsome-transfection technique was able to deliver the exogenous DNA into the cellular mitochondria and the pmtGFP was functional. Further optimization of this strategy would provide a flexible and rapid way to generate mutant cells and useful animal models of mitochondrial disease.


DQAsomeGFP expressionmini-mitochondrial genomemitochondrial gene deliverytransfection

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Pharmacy, Faculty of MedicineBrawijaya UniversityMalangIndonesia
  2. 2.California Institute for Regenerative MedicineSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Monash Immunology and Stem Cell LaboratoriesMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia