, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 2669-2679

Novel Therapies Targeting Inner Mitochondrial Membrane—From Discovery to Clinical Development

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ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial oxidative stress and dysfunction have been implicated in the aging process and in numerous chronic diseases. The need for therapies that can protect and/or improve mitochondrial function is obvious. However, the development of mitoprotective drugs has been hampered by a number of challenges, and there are at present no approved therapies for mitochondrial dysfunction. This article describes the original discovery, preclinical development, and clinical development of a novel class of small peptide molecules that selectively target the inner mitochondrial membrane and protect mitochondrial function. These compounds have the potential to be a paradigm-shifting approach to the treatment of mitochondrial dysfunction, which underlies many common diseases, including cardiorenal, neurologic, and metabolic disorders.