Temozolomide Delivery to Tumor Cells by a Multifunctional Nano Vehicle Based on Poly(β-L-malic acid)
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- Patil, R., Portilla-Arias, J., Ding, H. et al. Pharm Res (2010) 27: 2317. doi:10.1007/s11095-010-0091-0
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Temozolomide (TMZ) is a pro-drug releasing a DNA alkylating agent that is the most effective drug to treat glial tumors when combined with radiation. TMZ is toxic, and therapeutic dosages are limited by severe side effects. Targeted delivery is thus needed to improve efficiency and reduce non-tumor tissue toxicity.
Multifunctional targetable nanoconjugates of TMZ hydrazide were synthesized using poly(β-L-malic acid) platform, which contained a targeting monoclonal antibody to transferrin receptor (TfR), trileucine (LLL), for pH-dependent endosomal membrane disruption, and PEG for protection.
The water-soluble TMZ nanoconjugates had hydrodynamic diameters in the range of 6.5 to 14.8 nm and ζ potentials in the range of −6.3 to −17.7 mV. Fifty percent degradation in human plasma was observed in 40 h at 37°C. TMZ conjugated with polymer had a half-life of 5–7 h, compared with 1.8 h for free TMZ. The strongest reduction of human brain and breast cancer cell viability was obtained by versions of TMZ nanoconjugates containing LLL and anti-TfR antibody. TMZ-resistant cancer cell lines were sensitive to TMZ nanoconjugate treatment.
TMZ-polymer nanoconjugates entered the tumor cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis, effectively reduced cancer cell viability, and can potentially be used for targeted tumor treatment.
KEY WORDSanti-TfR mAb nanoconjugate pH-dependent membrane disruption polymalic acid targeted drug delivery temozolomide
anti-human transferrin receptor
L-leucine ethyl ester
Alexa Fluor® 680 C2 maleimide
Nanoconjugates are abbreviated as shown in Charts 3 and 4