In Vitro Aqueous Fluid-Capacity-Limited Dissolution Testing of Respirable Aerosol Drug Particles Generated from Inhaler Products
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- Arora, D., Shah, K.A., Halquist, M.S. et al. Pharm Res (2010) 27: 786. doi:10.1007/s11095-010-0070-5
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To develop a unique in vitro aqueous fluid-capacity-limited dissolution system for the kinetic assessment of respirable aerosol drug particles from inhaler products.
Aerosol particles of 5 inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) from 7 inhaler products were collected in the aerodynamic 2.1–3.3 or 4.7–5.8 μm on the filter membranes using the Andersen cascade impactor. Each filter membrane was then placed onto the donor compartment of the Transwell® system, where addition of 0.04ml aqueous fluid initiated aerosol ICS dissolution and permeation across its supporting membrane at 37°C and ∼100% humidity.
The % profiles of dissolution and permeation were apparent first-order or pseudo-zero-order, reaching varying 1.9–95.0% by 5 h. Their kinetics overall conformed to the ICS aqueous solubility. With increasing aerosol mass, however, the profiles decelerated, attributed to undissolved ICSs left by the limited dissolution fluid capacity. The profiles could be also product-specific, as beclomethasone dipropionate aerosols from QVAR® dissolved faster than those from VANCERIL®, whereas fluticasone propionate aerosols from two different inhaler products exhibited comparable profiles. The 2.1–3.3 μm aerosols dissolved faster than the 4.7–5.8 μm aerosols.
Aerosol ICS dissolution into the limited aqueous fluid volume differed kinetically due to ICS solubility and aerosol mass, size, formulation and/or generation.
KEY WORDSaerosolscascade impactordissolutioninhaled corticosteroidsinhalers
Andersen non-viable Cascade Impactor
analysis of variance
atmospheric pressure chemical ionization
active pharmaceutical ingredient
distilled deionized water
dry powder inhaler
high performance liquid chromatography
limit of quantification
pressurized metered dose inhaler
United States Pharmacopeia
Virginia Commonwealth University