Structural Characterization and Immunogenicity in Wild-Type and Immune Tolerant Mice of Degraded Recombinant Human Interferon Alpha2b
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- Hermeling, S., Aranha, L., Damen, J.M.A. et al. Pharm Res (2005) 22: 1997. doi:10.1007/s11095-005-8177-9
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This study was conducted to study the influence of protein structure on the immunogenicity in wild-type and immune tolerant mice of well-characterized degradation products of recombinant human interferon alpha2b (rhIFNα2b).
RhIFNα2b was degraded by metal-catalyzed oxidation (M), cross-linking with glutaraldehyde (G), oxidation with hydrogen peroxide (H), and incubation in a boiling water bath (B). The products were characterized with UV absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Western blotting, and mass spectrometry. The immunogenicity of the products was evaluated in wild-type mice and in transgenic mice immune tolerant for hIFNα2. Serum antibodies were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or surface plasmon resonance.
M-rhIFNα2b contained covalently aggregated rhIFNα2b with three methionines partly oxidized to methionine sulfoxides. G-rhIFNα2b contained covalent aggregates and did not show changes in secondary structure. H-rhIFNα2b was only chemically changed with four partly oxidized methionines. B-rhIFNα2b was largely unfolded and heavily aggregated. Nontreated (N) rhIFNα2b was immunogenic in the wild-type mice but not in the transgenic mice, showing that the latter were immune tolerant for rhIFNα2b. The anti-rhIFNα2b antibody levels in the wild-type mice depended on the degradation product: M-rhIFNα2b > H-rhIFNα2b ∼ N-rhIFNα2b ≫ B-rhIFNα2b; G-rhIFNα2b did not induce anti-rhIFNα2b antibodies. In the transgenic mice, only M-rhIFNα2b could break the immune tolerance.
RhIFNα2b immunogenicity is related to its structural integrity. Moreover, the immunogenicity of aggregated rhIFNα2b depends on the structure and orientation of the constituent protein molecules and/or on the aggregate size.
Key Wordsaggregatesimmune toleranceimmunogenicityinterferon alpha2protein structuretransgenic mice
bovine serum albumin
dynamic light scattering
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
electrospray ionization-time of flight
gel permeation chromatography
human interferon alpha2
matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight/time of flight
polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.2
recombinant human interferon alpha2b
reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography
sodium dodecyl sulfate
surface plasmon resonance