, Volume 20, Issue 3-4, pp 129-145
Date: 10 Jan 2008

School Based Management: A Concept of Modest Entitivity with Modest Results

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This paper discusses the concept of school-based management (SBM), often also called whole school reform. The paper is in four sections: (1) A description and discussion of what is meant by school-based management; (2) a review of the literature about its implementation; (3) a review of its effects on students; and (4) some general conclusions. The main arguments are that SBM is a concept of modest entitivity and that this contributes to the only modest achievement effects that have been attributed to SBM reforms to date when higher quality evaluations are performed.

A draft of this paper was presented at the World Bank, Washington, DC, March 2007.