High Temperature Oxidation of the Al3Mg2 Complex Metallic Alloy
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- de Noirfontaine, MN., Baldinozzi, G., Barthés-Labrousse, MG. et al. Oxid Met (2010) 73: 219. doi:10.1007/s11085-009-9176-8
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High temperature air oxidation of the Al3Mg2 complex metallic alloy was investigated on powder samples and bulk polycrystals in the temperature range 350–420 °C by thermogravimetric measurements, SEM and TEM. Oxidation at 420 °C on the polycrystalline samples comprised three successive phases characterised by linear kinetics laws. The first stage corresponded to the formation of a porous non adherent nanocrystalline MgO scale having a cauliflower morphology. A first acceleration in the kinetics law was ascribed to the nucleation and growth of MgAl2O4 crystallites which form a thin (~10 nm) film at the interface between the substrate alloy and the MgO top layer. A new linear regime was observed in the oxidation process corresponding to diffusion of magnesium through the grain boundaries of the spinel film and through the porous MgO layer. Finally, fragmentation and cracking of the scale leads to a further acceleration followed by a new linear regime.