Improved Dirichlet-to-Neumann map method for modeling extended photonic crystal devices
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- Hu, Z. & Lu, Y.Y. Opt Quant Electron (2008) 40: 921. doi:10.1007/s11082-009-9288-z
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A typical photonic crystal (PhC) device has only a small number of distinct unit cells. The Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) map of a unit cell is an operator that maps the wave field to its normal derivative on the boundary of the cell. Based on the DtN maps of the unit cells, a PhC device can be efficiently analyzed by solving the wave field only on edges of the unit cells. In this paper, the DtN map method is further improved by an operator marching method assuming that a main propagation direction can be identified in at least part of the device. A Bloch mode expansion method is also developed for structures exhibiting partial periodicity. Both methods are formulated on a set of curves for maximum flexibility. Numerical examples are used to illustrate the efficiency of the improved DtN map method.