Article

Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 37, Issue 10, pp 965-994

First online:

Applications of Nonlinear Effects in Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber to Optical Communications

  • Xinzhu SangAffiliated withSchool of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsOptoelectronics Research Centre, Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong Email author 
  • , Pak L. ChuAffiliated withOptoelectronics Research Centre, Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong
  • , Chongxiu YuAffiliated withSchool of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Unique dispersion characteristics and enhanced nonlinearity make the small-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) an ideal candidate for nonlinear optical devices to telecommunication applications. Some technical reasons behind great research interest of highly nonlinear PCFs in optical communication components are reviewed. Nonlinear effects in highly nonlinear PCFs and their research progress are presented. Several typical applications including WDM sources, optical amplification, optical switching, wavelength conversion, optical regeneration and all-optical demultiplexing etc are introduced, together with state-of-the art performances. Some new possible applications and future prospects are discussed.

Keywords

nonlinear optics optical fiber communication nonlinear effects optical fiber devices photonic crystal fiber