Natural Hazards

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 1597–1605

Natural disasters in China: 1900–2011

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11069-013-0765-0

Cite this article as:
Chen, S., Luo, Z. & Pan, X. Nat Hazards (2013) 69: 1597. doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0765-0


China is a country prone to high frequency of natural catastrophic events. According to the natural disaster data from 1900 to 2011, the major disaster types include drought, earthquake, epidemic, extreme temperature, flood, mass movement wet and storm. The occurrence of natural disaster and economic loss is increased during the studied period. However, the death toll induced by natural disaster is decreased significantly. A new frame of social development and natural disaster is proposed to discuss the impact of population and GDP on the influence of disaster through the recording and reduction efforts. The results indicated that economic development contributes to the reduction in the impact of natural disaster on the people lives and society. New comprehensive integrated management, including international cooperation, should be established.


DroughtEarthquakeEpidemicExtreme temperatureFloodMass movement wetStormEconomic development

Supplementary material

11069_2013_765_MOESM1_ESM.tif (2 mb)
Figure S1. Event of different natural disasters from 1900 to 2011
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Figure S2. Death of different natural disasters from 1900 to 2011
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Figure S3. Total affected people of different natural disasters from 1900 to 2011
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Figure S4. Estimated damage costs of different natural disasters from 1900 to 2011

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Disaster Reduction Center of ChinaChaoyang District, BeijingChina
  2. 2.CSIRO Land and WaterCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Institute of Plant QuarantineChinese Academy of Inspection and QuarantineChaoyang District, BeijingChina