Article

Natural Hazards

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 35-41

First online:

Real-Time Tsunami Forecasting: Challenges and Solutions

  • Vasily V. TitovAffiliated withUniversity of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0) Email author 
  • , Frank I. GonzalezAffiliated withNOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • , E. N. BernardAffiliated withNOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • , Marie C. EbleAffiliated withNOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • , Harold O. MofjeldAffiliated withNOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • , Jean C. NewmanAffiliated withUniversity of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0)
  • , Angie J. VenturatoAffiliated withUniversity of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0)

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Abstract

A new method for real-time tsunami forecasting will provide NOAA’s Tsunami Warning Centers with forecast guidance tools during an actual tsunami event. PMEL has developed the methodology of combining real-time data from tsunameters with numerical model estimates to provide site- and event-specific forecasts for tsunamis in real time. An overview of the technique and testing of this methodology is presented.

Keywords

tsunami real-time forecast tsunami measurement tsunami model data assimilation data inversion tsunami warning tsunameters