Natural Hazards

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 35–41

Real-Time Tsunami Forecasting: Challenges and Solutions

Authors

    • University of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0)
  • Frank I. Gonzalez
    • NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • E. N. Bernard
    • NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • Marie C. Eble
    • NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • Harold O. Mofjeld
    • NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
  • Jean C. Newman
    • University of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0)
  • Angie J. Venturato
    • University of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISA0)
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11069-004-2403-3

Cite this article as:
Titov, V.V., Gonzalez, F.I., Bernard, E.N. et al. Nat Hazards (2005) 35: 35. doi:10.1007/s11069-004-2403-3

Abstract

A new method for real-time tsunami forecasting will provide NOAA’s Tsunami Warning Centers with forecast guidance tools during an actual tsunami event. PMEL has developed the methodology of combining real-time data from tsunameters with numerical model estimates to provide site- and event-specific forecasts for tsunamis in real time. An overview of the technique and testing of this methodology is presented.

Keywords

tsunamireal-time forecasttsunami measurementtsunami modeldata assimilationdata inversiontsunami warningtsunameters

Abbreviations

BPR

bottom pressure recorder

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

MOST

Method of Splitting Tsunamis

PMEL

Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NTHMP

National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

PDC

Pacific Disaster Center

TWC

Tsunami Warning Center

Copyright information

© Springer 2005