Neuropsychology Review

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 116–147

Impact of Neurologic Deficits on Motor Imagery: A Systematic Review of Clinical Evaluations

  • Franck Di Rienzo
  • Christian Collet
  • Nady Hoyek
  • Aymeric Guillot
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s11065-014-9257-6

Cite this article as:
Di Rienzo, F., Collet, C., Hoyek, N. et al. Neuropsychol Rev (2014) 24: 116. doi:10.1007/s11065-014-9257-6

Abstract

Motor imagery (MI, the mental representation of an action without engaging in its actual execution) is a therapeutically relevant technique to promote motor recovery after neurologic disorders. MI shares common neural and psychological bases with physical practice. Interestingly, both acute and progressive neurologic disorders impact brain motor networks, hence potentially eliciting changes in MI capacities. How experimental neuroscientists and medical practitioners should assess and take into account these changes in order to design fruitful interventions is largely unresolved. Understanding how the psychometric, behavioral and neurophysiological correlates of MI are impacted by neurologic disorders is required. To address this brain-behavior issue, we conducted a systematic review of MI data in stroke, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury, and amputee participants. MI evaluation methods are presented. Redundant MI profiles, primarily based on psychometric and behavioral evaluations, emerged in each clinical population. When present, changes in the psychometric and behavioral correlates of MI were highly congruent with the corresponding motor impairments. Neurophysiological recordings yielded specific changes in cerebral activations during MI, which mirrored structural and functional reorganizations due to neuroplasticity. In this view, MI capacities may not be deteriorated per se by neurologic diseases resulting in chronic motor incapacities, but adjusted to the current state of the motor system. Literature-driven orientations for future clinical research are provided.

Keywords

Motor imageryStrokeParkinson’s diseaseSpinal cord injuryAmputationNeuroplasticity

Supplementary material

11065_2014_9257_MOESM1_ESM.doc (125 kb)
Supplementary material(DOC 125 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franck Di Rienzo
    • 1
  • Christian Collet
    • 1
  • Nady Hoyek
    • 1
  • Aymeric Guillot
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche et d’Innovation sur le Sport, EA 647, Performance Mentale, Motrice et du MatérielUniversité de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1VilleurbanneFrance
  2. 2.Institut Universitaire de FranceParisFrance
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche et d’Innovation sur le SportUniversité de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1Villeurbanne cedexFrance