Neuropsychology Review

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 35–53

Self-Report Measures to Identify Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and/or Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Associated Symptoms in Military Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)

  • Lisa M. Betthauser
  • Nazanin Bahraini
  • Maxine H. Krengel
  • Lisa A. Brenner
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s11065-012-9191-4

Cite this article as:
Betthauser, L.M., Bahraini, N., Krengel, M.H. et al. Neuropsychol Rev (2012) 22: 35. doi:10.1007/s11065-012-9191-4

Abstract

Individuals serving in Iraq and Afghanistan sustain injuries associated with physical and psychological trauma. Among such injuries, mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common. Self-report measures are frequently used to identify mTBI and/or PTSD and symptoms associated with these conditions. In addition to providing information regarding mTBI and PTSD, the goal of this literature review was to identify and present information on the psychometric properties of measures used to obtain information regarding these common conditions among Veterans who have returned from Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). A comprehensive review of studies in which self-report measures were used to evaluate mTBI, PTSD, and associated symptoms among OEF/OIF Veterans is presented. Findings suggest that additional work is needed to identify psychometrically sound and clinically useful self-report measures that assess mTBI and PTSD and associated symptoms among OEF/OIF Veterans.

Keywords

Operation Enduring FreedomOperation Iraqi FreedomTraumatic Brain InjuryPost Traumatic Stress DisorderAssessmentSelf-report measures

Abbreviations

mTBI

Mild traumatic brain injury

PTSD

Post traumatic stress disorder

OEF

Operation Enduring Freedom

OIF

Operation Iraqi freedom

TBI

Traumatic brain injury

AOC

Alteration in consciousness

LOC

Loss of consciousness

PTA

Post-traumatic amnesia

MOS

Military occupation specialty

PC

Post-concussive

PCS

Post concussive syndrome

ICD-10

International classification of diseases (10th edition)

DSM-IV

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edition)

DSM-IV TR

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edition), text revision

PCL

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist

BTBIS

Brief Traumatic Brain Injury Screen

TSI

Trauma Symptom Inventory

NSI

Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory

PILOTS

Published International Literature On Traumatic Stress

MeSH

Medical Subject Headings

CAPS

Clinician Administered PTSD Scale

OSU TBI-ID

Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification

PCL-C

PTSD Checklist-Civilian

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa M. Betthauser
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nazanin Bahraini
    • 1
    • 3
  • Maxine H. Krengel
    • 4
    • 5
  • Lisa A. Brenner
    • 1
    • 3
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Veterans Integrated Service Network 19, Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical CenterDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Colorado DenverDenverUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Colorado, Denver, School of MedicineDenverUSA
  4. 4.VA Boston Healthcare SystemBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyBoston University, School of MedicineBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Colorado, Denver, School of MedicineAuroraUSA
  7. 7.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Colorado, Denver, School of MedicineAuroraUSA