, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 271-272
Date: 10 Oct 2008

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Complex, Controversial, and Confounding

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Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD’s) are complex, controversial, and confounding conditions that have been extensively studied by a multi-disciplinary scientific community dedicated to unraveling the enigma of their etiologies. Investigations have multiplied exponentially, in parallel with increasing ASD prevalence rates. Yet, despite intensive research conducted by investigators whose specific areas of expertise involve one or another of the myriad variables presumed to be causally linked to ASD, the results, while enlightening, have provided few answers to core questions.

In retrospect, obstacles to reaching clarity about these debilitating disorders of childhood onset have arisen, in part, due to traditional pursuit by the medical and psychological scientific communities of that one single common pathway or single mechanism that might lead to successful therapeutic intervention. A now voluminous literature has greatly enhanced our understanding about features of these incapacitating chi