A Meta-Analysis of Cognitive Deficits in Adults with a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia
- Cite this article as:
- Fioravanti, M., Carlone, O., Vitale, B. et al. Neuropsychol Rev (2005) 15: 73. doi:10.1007/s11065-005-6254-9
This review identified 1275 studies examining cognitive deficits in people with schizophrenia, published between 1990 and 2003. Data from 113 studies (4365 patients and 3429 controls) were combined in a meta-analysis carried out on the five cognitive domains of IQ, memory, language, executive function, and attention. Studies were excluded where they lacked a suitable control group or failed to present complete information. In all five cognitive domains, analysis indicated a consistent trend for patients to perform more poorly than healthy controls, with significant heterogeneity across studies. Sources of heterogeneity were analyzed and a need to ensure more appropriate composition of patient and control groups and to adopt a more refined and methodologically correct, hypothesis-driven approach was identified.