Neurochemical Research

, Volume 37, Issue 10, pp 2190–2197

Leuprolide Acetate, a GnRH Agonist, Improves Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis: A Possible Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

  • Irene Guzmán-Soto
  • Eva Salinas
  • Irma Hernández-Jasso
  • J. Luis Quintanar
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11064-012-0842-x

Cite this article as:
Guzmán-Soto, I., Salinas, E., Hernández-Jasso, I. et al. Neurochem Res (2012) 37: 2190. doi:10.1007/s11064-012-0842-x

Abstract

Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), a well known hypothalamic neuropeptide, has been reported to possess neurotrophic properties. Leuprolide acetate, a synthetic analogue of GnRH is considered to be a very safe and tolerable drug and it has been used for diverse clinical applications, including the treatment of prostate cancer, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, central precocious puberty and in vitro fertilization techniques. The present study was designed to determine whether Leuprolide acetate administration, exerts neurotrophic effects on clinical signs, body weight gain, neurofilaments (NFs) and myelin basic protein (MBP) expression, axonal morphometry and cell infiltration in spinal cord of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) rats. In this work, we have found that Leuprolide acetate treatment decreases the severity of clinical signs of locomotion, induces a significantly greater body weight gain, increases the MBP and NFs expression, axonal area and cell infiltration in EAE animals. These results suggest the use of this agonist as a potential therapeutic approach for multiple sclerosis.

Keywords

Body weightNeurofilamentsNeurotrophic factorsMyelinNeuro-regenerativeAxon

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Guzmán-Soto
    • 1
  • Eva Salinas
    • 2
  • Irma Hernández-Jasso
    • 1
  • J. Luis Quintanar
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Neurophysiology, Department of Physiology and PharmacologyCentro de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma de AguascalientesAguascalientesMexico
  2. 2.Laboratory of Immunology, Department of MicrobiologyCentro de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma de AguascalientesAguascalientesMexico