, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 417-427
Date: 11 Oct 2011

Mimosine-Induced Apoptosis in C6 Glioma Cells Requires the Release of Mitochondria-Derived Reactive Oxygen Species and p38, JNK Activation

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Abstract

Growth-inhibitory effects of mimosine, a plant amino acid, on rat C6 glioma cells were analyzed. Mimosine markedly inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of C6 glioma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Mimosine-mediated apoptosis was accompanied by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in mitochondria, and by decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ), and release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, followed by caspase 3 activation. Furthermore, mimosine increased the phosphorylation level of c-Jun-N-terminal protein kinase and p38, which was the downstream effect of ROS accumulation. Mimosine was confirmed to show profound effects on apoptosis of C6 glioma cells by ROS-regulated mitochondria pathway, and these results bear on the hypothesized potential for mimosine as promising agents in the treatment of malignant gliomas.