, Volume 36, Issue 12, pp 2208-2215
Date: 11 Aug 2011

Role of Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription-3 in Up-Regulation of GFAP After Epilepsy

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Abstract

Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) is regarded as a marker of reactive astrogliosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that signal transducer and activator of transcription-3, STAT3 regulates GFAP expression after brain injuries. However, whether STAT3 controls astrogliosis in epilepsy is not clear. In this study, we measured p-STAT3 and GFAP expression during the epileptic process using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. Both p-STAT3 and GFAP expression were highly expressed in the rat hippocampus during different phases of the epileptic process. The augmentation of GFAP expression was inhibited by AG490, a janus kinase 2 (JAK2, an upstream gene of STAT3) inhibitor. The coexpression of p-STAT3 and GFAP was detected in the epileptic rat hippocampus and temporal neocortex of patients. These findings indicate that epilepsy involves the activation of STAT3 that up-regulates the expression of GFAP, which may play an important role in epileptogenesis.

Zucai Xu and Tao Xue are equal to this article.