, Volume 36, Issue 9, pp 1669-1676
Date: 21 Jan 2011

Lipid Composition of Whole Brain and Cerebellum in Hurler Syndrome (MPS IH) Mice

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Abstract

Hurler syndrome (MPS IH) is caused by a mutation in the gene encoding alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) and leads to the accumulation of partially degraded glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Ganglioside content is known to increase secondary to GAG accumulation. Most studies in organisms with MPS IH have focused on changes in gangliosides GM3 and GM2, without the study of other lipids. We evaluated the total lipid distribution in the whole brain and cerebellum of MPS IH (Idua −/−) and control (Idua +/?) mice at 6 months and at 12 months of age. The content of total sialic acid and levels of gangliosides GM3, GM2, and GD3 were greater in the whole brains of Idua −/− mice then in Idua +/? mice at 12 months of age. No other significant lipid differences were found in either whole brain or in cerebellum at either age. The accumulation of ganglioside GD3 suggests that neurodegeneration occurs in the Idua −/− mouse brain, but not to the extent seen in human MPS IH brain.