, Volume 32, Issue 7, pp 1129-1141
Date: 03 Apr 2007

Angiogenic Expression Profile of Normal and Neurofibromin-Deficient Human Schwann Cells

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Peripheral nerve sheath tumors from individuals with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) are highly vascular and contain Schwann cells which are deficient in neurofibromin. This study examines the angiogenic expression profile of neurofibromin-deficient human Schwann cells relative to normal human Schwann cells, characterizing both pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors. Conditioned media from neurofibromin-deficient Schwann cell lines was pro-angiogenic as evidenced by its ability to stimulate endothelial cell proliferation and migration. Using gene array and protein array analysis, we found increased expression of pro-angiogenic factors and decreased expression of anti-angiogenic factors in neurofibromin-deficient Schwann cells relative to normal human Schwann cells. Neurofibromin-deficient Schwann cells also showed increased expression of several growth factor receptors and decreased expression of an integrin. We conclude that neurofibromin-deficient Schwann cells have dysregulated expression of pro-angiogenic factors, anti-angiogenic factors, growth factor receptors, and an integrin. These dysregulated molecules may contribute to the growth and progression of NF1 peripheral nerve sheath tumors.