, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 241–250

Le noël, miroir de la société. Du XVe au XIXe siècle


DOI: 10.1007/s11061-009-9182-8

Cite this article as:
Rus, M. Neophilologus (2010) 94: 241. doi:10.1007/s11061-009-9182-8


The French “Noëls” (Christmas carols) were immensely popular from the end of the Middle Ages to the XIXth Century: they were sold in very large numbers (in fact: millions of copies). They often differ from the “Noël” in our days: they were not only sung, but also danced or played; they sometimes represented other scenes than that of the Nativity (such as the Annunciation), or even the (religious, literary, social or economic) reality of their time. It is this reflexion of reality in the “Noël” that I have studied in this article.


NoëlRenaissanceReligious warsXVIIth CenturyRevolution

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université d’UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands