Efficacy and selectivity of nilotinib on NF1-associated tumors in vitro
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Jiang, W., Schnabel, C., Spyra, M. et al. J Neurooncol (2014) 116: 231. doi:10.1007/s11060-013-1295-z
- 282 Downloads
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a tumor suppressor gene disorder which predisposes patients to cutaneous neurofibromas, plexiform neurofibromas (PNFs) and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) among other neoplasias and manifestation. In this study, we examined the efficiency of nilotinib on PNF-derived Schwann cells and on cells of established MPNST lines in vitro. Nilotinib treatment for 10 days led to decreased proliferation, viability and vitality of the cells with 50 % inhibitory concentration (IC50) for proliferation varying from 3.1 to 9.0 μM. We further addressed selectivity of the drug for tumor cells by simultaneously examining its efficacy on tumor cells (Schwann cells) and non-tumor cells (fibroblasts) from the same tumor. For four out of the six PNFs studied, IC50 was lower in Schwann cells than in fibroblasts for all parameters measured (proliferation, vitality and viability), indicating good drug selectivity. In addition, nilotinib induced apoptosis and suppressed collagenase activity. Our results suggest that nilotinib may provide a treatment option for some PNFs and MPNSTs and our in vitro model of comparative treatment on tumor and non-tumor cells may provide a prototype of preclinical drug screening system toward personalized treatment.