Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 2485–2496

Effect of oxygen partial pressure and VO2 content on hexagonal WO3 thin films synthesized by pulsed laser deposition technique

Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11051-010-0141-x

Cite this article as:
Kaushal, A. & Kaur, D. J Nanopart Res (2011) 13: 2485. doi:10.1007/s11051-010-0141-x


We report on the effect of oxygen partial pressure and vacuum annealing on structural and optical properties of pulsed laser-deposited nanocrystalline WO3 thin films. XRD results show the hexagonal phase of deposited WO3 thin films. The crystallite size was observed to increase with increase in oxygen partial pressure. Vacuum annealing changed the transparent as-deposited WO3 thin film to deep shade of blue color which increases the optical absorption of the film. The origin of this blue color could be due to the presence of oxygen vacancies associated with tungsten ions in lower oxidation states. In addition, the effects of VO2 content on structural, electrochemical, and optical properties of (WO3)1−x(VO2)x nanocomposite thin films have also been systematically investigated. Cyclic voltammogram exhibits a modification with the appearance of an extra cathodic peak for VO2–WO3 thin film electrode with higher VO2 content (x ≥ 0.2). Increase of VO2 content in (WO3)1−x(VO2)x films leads to red shift in optical band gap.


WO3–VO2Oxygen partial pressurePulsed laser depositionSynthesisNanolayers

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Center of NanotechnologyIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia