Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 121–131

Dustiness test of nanopowders using a standard rotating drum with a modified sampling train

  • Chuen-Jinn Tsai
  • Chien-Hsien Wu
  • Ming-Long Leu
  • Sheng-Chieh Chen
  • Cheng-Yu Huang
  • Perng-Jy Tsai
  • Fu-Hsiang Ko
Nanoparticles and Occupational Health

DOI: 10.1007/s11051-008-9453-5

Cite this article as:
Tsai, C., Wu, C., Leu, M. et al. J Nanopart Res (2009) 11: 121. doi:10.1007/s11051-008-9453-5

Abstract

The standard rotating drum tester was used to determine the dustiness of two nanopowders, nano-TiO2 and fine ZnO, in standard 1-min tests. Then, the sampling train was modified to determine the number and mass distributions of the generated particles in the respirable size range using a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS), an Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS) and a Multi-orifice Uniform Deposit Impactor (MOUDI) in the 30-min tests. It was found that very few particles below 100 nm were generated and the released rate of particles decreased with increasing rotation time for both nanopowders in the 30-min tests. Due to the fluffy structure of the released TiO2 agglomerated particles, the mass distributions measured by the MOUDI showed large differences with those determined by the APS assuming the apparent bulk densities of the powders. The differences were small for the ZnO agglomerates, which were more compact than the TiO2 agglomerates.

Keywords

NanoparticleDustinessAerosol samplingAerosol instrumentNanotechnologyOccupational healthEHS

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuen-Jinn Tsai
    • 1
  • Chien-Hsien Wu
    • 1
  • Ming-Long Leu
    • 1
  • Sheng-Chieh Chen
    • 1
  • Cheng-Yu Huang
    • 1
  • Perng-Jy Tsai
    • 2
  • Fu-Hsiang Ko
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental EngineeringNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Department of Environmental and Occupational HealthNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan, ROC
  3. 3.Institute of NanotechnologyNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan, ROC