Article

Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 427-440

First online:

Photochemical synthesis of ZnO/Ag nanocomposites

  • V. V. ShvalaginAffiliated withPisarzhevski Institute of Physical Chemistry, National academy of sciences of Ukraine
  • , A. L. StroyukAffiliated withPisarzhevski Institute of Physical Chemistry, National academy of sciences of Ukraine Email author 
  • , S. Ya. KuchmiiAffiliated withPisarzhevski Institute of Physical Chemistry, National academy of sciences of Ukraine

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Abstract

Composite ZnO/Ag nanoparticles have been formed via the photocatalytic reduction of silver nitrate over the ZnO nanocrystals, their optical, electrophysical and photochemical properties have been investigated. Mie theory has been applied to analyze the structure of the absorption spectra of ZnO/Ag nanocomposite. The irradiation effects upon the optical properties of ZnO/Ag nanostructure have been investigated. It has been found that the irradiation of ZnO/Ag nanoparticles results in electrons accumulation by both the semiconductor and the metallic components of the nanocomposite. It has been found that silver nitrate can be photochemically deposited onto the surface of ZnO nanoparticles under the illumination with the visible light in the presence of the sensitizer – methylene blue. Kinetics of the sensitized Ag(I) photoredution has been studied. It has been concluded that the key stage of this process is the electron injection from singlet-excited methylene blue molecule into ZnO nanoparticle.

Keywords

semiconductor photocatalysis ZnO nanoparticles silver nanoparticles Mie theory metal-semiconductor composites plasmon resonance sensitization methylene blue