Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 797-808

Gas sensing behavior of SnO1.8:Ag films composed of size-selected nanoparticles

  • Rakesh K. JoshiAffiliated withFaculty of Engineering Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen
  • , F. Einar KruisAffiliated withFaculty of Engineering Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen Email author 
  • , Olga DmitrievaAffiliated withInstitute of Physics, University of Duisburg-Essen

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Size-selected SnO1.8:Ag mixed nanoparticle films have been prepared using a gas phase condensation method. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the applied size-selection technique yields well-defined, monodisperse and spherical SnO1.8 and Ag nanoparticles, both with a fixed diameter of 20 nm. The technique allows an independent variation of the particle size of both materials as well as the concentration of Ag. It allows to assess the influence of these parameters on the gas-sensing properties of the films, here for ethanol vapor in synthetic air. SnO1.8:Ag nanoparticle films show optimal values of the sensor signal and response time at a Ag nanoparticle concentration of 5%. Due to the fact that the Ag nanoparticles are clearly distinct from the SnO1.8 nanoparticles in the film, the most probable mechanism leading to improved sensor properties is chemical sensitization via a spill-over effect.

Key words:

gas sensors dopant nanoparticles sensitization spill-over