Brief communication

Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 313-320

Fabrication of copper oxide nanofluid using submerged arc nanoparticle synthesis system (SANSS)

  • Chih-Hung LoAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology Email author 
  • , Tsing-Tshih TsungAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology
  • , Liang-Chia ChenAffiliated withInstitute of Automation Technology, National Taipei University of Technology
  • , Chun-His SuAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology
  • , Hong-Ming LinAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Engineering, Tatung University

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Abstract

The optimal parameters are found for preparing nanofluid in our submerged arc nanoparticle synthesis system (SANSS) using a copper electrode. A suspended copper oxide nanofluid is thus produced at the current of 8.5–10 A, voltage of 220 V, pulse duration of 12 μs, and dielectric liquid temperature of 2°C. The CuO nanoparticle are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron diffraction pattern (SAD) and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA). The equality volume spherical diameter of the obtained copper oxide particle is 49.1 nm, regular shape and narrow size distribution.

Keywords

CuO nanoparticles submerged arc particle synthesis particle analysis colloids