Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1-13

First online:

Societal implications of nanoscience and nanotechnology: Maximizing human benefit

  • M. C. RocoAffiliated withNational Science Foundation Email author 
  • , W.S. BainbridgeAffiliated withNational Science Foundation

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The balance between the potential benefits and risks of nanotechnology is discussed based on judgments expressed by leading industry, academe and government experts at a U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) sponsored meeting. The results are summarized in various themes related to: economic impacts and commercialization; social scenarios; technological convergence; quality of life; ethics and law; governance, public perceptions, and education.


nanoscale science and engineering nanotechnology benefits and uncertainties responsible R&D recommendations converging technologies