Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp 457-465

First online:

Photoinduced formation and aggregation of silver nanoparticles at the surface of carboxymethylcellulose films

  • Toshihito MiyamaAffiliated withDevelopment Center, R&D and Technology Center, Sekisui Chemical Co. Ltd. Email author 
  • , Yoshiro YonezawaAffiliated withDepartment of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka City University

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Formation and aggregation of photolytic silver nanoparticles at the surface of silver salt of carboxymethylcellulose films (CMCAg films) have been investigated. Detailed X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) study and field emission type scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) observation have been carried out to characterize silver nanoparticles at the film surface. When the CMCAg films were irradiated with UV light in wet air at room temperature for 30–60 min, silver nanoparticles of ca. 10 nm size were formed at the irradiated surface. According to the FE-SEM observation, the growth of the particle diameter and aggregation of nanoparticles took place after prolonged irradiation, and finally, the irradiated side of the film surface was densely covered with the silver nanoparticles of ca. 35 nm size. Chemical composition analysis by the XPS measurements has confirmed the increase in the atomic concentration of silver with irradiation time. It is suggested that silver atoms and clusters can move in the film and precipitate at the irradiated surface.


silver nanoparticles colloids polymer films UV irradiation photolysis aggregation photochemical reaction