Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 267–303

Exuberant exponence in Batsbi


    • Department of LinguisticsSUNY Stony Brook
    • Centre for Advanced Study
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11049-009-9070-8

Cite this article as:
Harris, A.C. Nat Lang Linguist Theory (2009) 27: 267. doi:10.1007/s11049-009-9070-8


Although multiple exponence has long been recognized by some, morpheme-based theories predict that it will not exist. To deal with the existence of double exponence in some languages, a variety of ways have been sought around the restrictions imposed by these theories. In Batsbi, a language of the Nakh-Dagestanian family, in principle as many as six markers may occur in a single verb (five gender-number markers and one person-number marker), each agreeing in many instances with the same argument; in fact, examples presented here have up to four agreement markers. The implications of this for linguistic theory are explored. An analysis is proposed in terms of word-based morphology.


MorphologyAgreementExtended exponenceLanguages of the Caucasus

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009