Burden and Distinctive Character of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis in India
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- Agarwal, R. Mycopathologia (2014) 178: 447. doi:10.1007/s11046-014-9767-z
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Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an insidious pulmonary disorder caused by hypersensitivity reactions mounted against Aspergillus fumigatus. Usually, complicating the course of patients with asthma and cystic fibrosis, the affliction has recently been described in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary tuberculosis-related fibrocavitary disease. Patients commonly present with poorly controlled asthma, recurrent pulmonary infiltrates and bronchiectasis. More than six decades have elapsed since the first description of this entity; however, the condition remains poorly understood. The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology has formed a working group to address the deficiencies associated with understanding of this disorder. New criteria have been laid down for diagnosis and staging of the disorder, so as to simplify the identification and management of this condition. This review summarizes the recent advances that have taken place in this condition with special emphasis on the burden and distinct character of ABPA in the Indian subcontinent.