, Volume 162, Issue 3, pp 215-223

First online:

Ochratoxins: A global perspective

  • Paul BaymanAffiliated withDepto. de Biología, Universidad de Puerto Rico-Río Piedras Email author 
  • , James L. BakerAffiliated withUSDA ARS Western Regional Research Center

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Ochratoxins have been overshadowed by better-known mycotoxins, but they are gaining importance. Here we consider ochratoxins in the context of aflatoxins, which are better understood than ochratoxins on many levels. We review recent work on taxonomic distribution, contamination of commodities, biosynthesis, toxicity and regulatory aspects of ochratoxins. We focus on ochratoxins in coffee, since coffee is becoming a key commodity in ochratoxin research and regulation.


Aspergillus coffee food safety mycotoxin ochratoxin Penicillium